Women of Courage Profiles

In 1989 the St. Lawrence County, NY Branch, AAUW researched and published Women of Courage, Ten North Country Pioneers in Profile. This booklet featured the stories of local women who had made an impact on the North Country and were pioneers in their fields, which included education, medicine, art, politics, and music. Since the original publication, the Branch has collected material for additional profiles. If you know of other women whose story should be told, contact the branch.


The Women of Courage Profiles website was chosen by EdHelper.com
as a Honor Roll Site in Nov. 2000!

Now the Women of Courage are on a searchable interactive map!


SOAR event focuses on “Ten Courageous North Country Women”


Path Breakers Interviews - videos conducted by students in Prof. Laura Ettinger's History Class at Clarkson University.


  • AAUW-St. Lawrence County Agents of Change
  • Florence Merriam Bailey, Pioneer Naturalist
  • Leonora Marie (Kearney) Barry, Labor Organizer
  • The Birth of Nurse-Midwifery in America
  • Dr. Mary Bryan was a missionary and physician who practiced medicine in India and Ogdensburg, NY.
  • Carrie Chapman Catt, Suffragist
  • Minerva Chapman, Painter
  • The Cult of True Womanhood
  • Mary Cox, World War II Fly Girl
  • Early College Women: Determined to be Educated
  • The Faculty of the Crane School of Music, SUNY Potsdam - The Faculty History Project documents faculty and staff members who have been associated with The Crane School of Music since it's beginning. This project is part of a larger effort to prepare a complete history of the Crane School of Music.
  • Her Honor, the Mayor
  • Marie Curie, Remarkable Scientist
  • Marion Sanger Frank, Ogdensburg Suffragist
  • Jeanne Robert Foster, Adirondack Poet
  • Matilda Joslyn Gage, Women’s Rights Activist
  • The Grey Nuns of Ogdensburg, Founders of the Ogdensburg Hospital
  • Helen M. Hosmer, Music Educator
  • History of Suffrage, Jefferson County, New York
  • Timeline of the History Women in Sports and Title IX
  • The League of Women Voters, St. Lawrence County, New York
  • Martha Reben, Adirondack Writer
  • Dr. Lillie Rosa Minoka-Hill (1876-1952), the second American Indian woman in the United States to hold a Doctor of Medicine degree
  • ‘A Warrior of the People’: First American Indian Doctor Was a Woman - Joe Starita’s third book, “A Warrior of the People,” is the masterful depiction of an American Indian woman and the times and cultures she negotiated so brilliantly to bring a new system of medical care to her people. Susan La Flesche overcame racism, gender discrimination, poor health and a rapidly changing political and social environment to become the first Western-trained American Indian doctor.
  • Mother Marianne becomes an American saint. Mother Marianne opened and operated some of the first general hospitals in the United States, St. Elizabeth Hospital in Utica, New York, in 1866 and St. Joseph's Hospital Health Center in Syracuse, New York, in 1869.
  • Audrey Munson, Legacy of Beauty (1891-1996)
  • New York State Congresswomen's Biographies
  • Marjorie Lansing Porter (1891-1973)
  • Pioneer Women Educators, Potsdam Normal School
  • St. Lawrence County Family Court Judge Barbara R. Potter
  • Helen Rich And St. Lawrence County Suffrage
  • Linda Richards, America's First Trained Nurse
  • May Richmire, Massena Educator
  • Suffragette Anna Howard Shaw galvanizes America in historic Ogdensburg speech on June 21, 1915.
  • The Sisters of St. Joseph
  • Charlotte Odlum Smith (1840 - 1917), born in Waddington, was a reformer, magazine editor, champion of women inventors, and lobbyist for working women, public health, and safety in the nineteenth-century United States. Raising More Hell and Fewer Dahlias, The Public Life of Charlotte Smith, 1840-1917 By Autumn Stanley, this is the first biography of nineteenth-century magazine editor and reformer Charlotte Smith.
  • Betty Steele’s photos captured Ogdensburg’s glory
  • Kateri Tekakwitha becomes North America’s first aboriginal saint. Known as “Lily of the Mohawks,” she was born in New York state in 1656.
  • Mary Edwards Walker, Civil War Doctor
  • Women in the Civil War, Five Nurses from St. Lawrence County
  • Women in Politics: Early Women Elected to the NYS Legislature
  • WWII: Ottawa exhibit tells “her story” of war effort for Canadian Women


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